Community engagement and health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Covid-19 pandemic in Cameroon and sanitation in Zambia
講演者１. Prof. Antoine Socpa (Department of Anthropology, University of Yaoundé Ⅰ / Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
講演タイトル：Community perceptions and management of the Covid-19 health crisis in Cameroon
The discovery of the first cases of Covid-19 in Cameroon since March 2020 gave rise to a series of political and health declarations on means of prevention. The organization of this fight against Covid-19 took place in a context where the health system was poorly prepared to deal with such health crisis situations. This failure led to the emergence of resilient community strategies for endogenous protection and care, obviously at odds with those recommended by biomedicine. Based on empirical data collected as part of an anthropological investigation into Covid-19 in Cameroon, this presentation attempts to make intelligible the endogenous responses deployed on the ground by social strata of poor origin by relying on a few grids theories of medical anthropology and public health.
講演者２．Dr. Sikopo Nyambe (Global Station for Indigenous Studies and Cultural Diversity, Hokkaido University)
講演タイトル：Children and youth-led interventions towards the improvement of peri-urban water, sanitation and hygiene in Lusaka, Zambia
The Dziko Langa club, based in Lusaka, engages children and youth as researchers and innovators in peri-urban water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). We conducted a thematic analysis of 11 club activities in 2018, identifying barriers and enablers to community interventions. Collaboration emerged as the most significant enabler, while access to the target population was the primary barrier. The findings emphasize the need for greater local resident involvement in WASH and waste management initiatives, promoting community engagement, and strengthening systems supporting resident participation.
主催：日本アフリカ学会北海道支部 / 北海道大学アフリカ研究会
協力：北海道大学環境健康科学研究教育センター / 北海道大学国際連携研究教育局GSI